Speech & Language Development Milestones



Speech Development Milestones:
Age 3: m, n, h, p, f, b, d
Age 4: k, g, t
Age 5: J, v
Age 6: ing, l, s, r, ch, z, th, sh

Receptive and Expressive Language Development

Age Receptive Language Expressive Language What Parents Can Do To Help
0-3 months -Startles to a sudden noise
-soothed or calmed by your voice
-turns head toward you when you speak
-appears to smile or focus on voices when spoken to
-wakes up in response to loud sounds
-coos, gurgles
-mimics facial expressions (stick out tongue)
-has different cries for different circumstances (hunger, pain)
-read simple board books
-sing songs to your baby
3-6 months -turn or looks towards sound
-responds to changes in your voice
-enjoys toys that make sounds
-repeats simple sounds (baba, ooh)
-may squeal or shriek with excitement
-laughs out load
-using simple signs (more, byebye, eat)
-imitate movements, faces, oand sounds your baby makes
6-10 months -respond to name
-respond to environemental sounds (door bell, telephone)
-begin to respond to requests (byebye, come here)
-comprehends no
-looks at familiar person when named or object when talked about
-babbles to self
-babbling may sound speech-like in tone
-uses variety of sound combinations
-may begin signing
-expresses preferences even if nonverbally
-continue signing
-sing interactive songs (itsy-bitsy spider, wheels on bus)
-talk about what you are doing while doing it
10-15 months -enjoys games of peekaboo
-points to familiar objects or people when asked
- can follow simple 1-step commands with gestures
-imitate simple sounds
-uses at least 1 word meaningfully
-plays with voice, variety of sound combinations
-imitate sounds and words your child says
-ask simple questions when reading (who, what, where)
-keep reading and talking
15-18 months -follows simple commands without cues
-can point to some body parts
-begin identify pictures in books
-begin identify common objects
-begin 2-3 word phrases to make requests (more milk)
-repeating words
-begins communicating with more words than gestures
-talk about common vocabulary during routines
-label items and actions in environment
18-24 months -respond to simple yes/no questions
-understand simple phrases
-understands you when you call from another room
-50 words
-ask for foods and objects
-uses possessive pronouns (mine)
-regularly uses 2-3 word phrases
-makes animal sounds
-read together -have child point to objects in books
-encourage child to use words not gestures
-model good language
-talk about what is going on around you
24-36 months -can choose things by size
-follow 2-step directions
-understand actions
-listen to simple stories
-understand taking turns
-vocabulary 250-1000 words
-speech is clearer (75% intelligible)
-uses simple pronouns
-use descriptive words (big, happy)
-knows some spatial concepts on, in
-uses 3+ words in sentence
-answer simple questions
-use inflection when ask question
-model correct grammar
-describe in details about events (first, then)
-expand on what your child says but not expecting them to repeat it
3-4 years -identify colors
-categorize items
-understand more/most
-uses ing verbs
-put together 4-5 words in sentence
-complete analogies
-carry on short conversation
-play with sounds and language making silly word combinations
-continue reading
-label feelinfs
-work on sequencing events
-label feelings
4-5 years -understand most of what is said to him/her about recent, past, present, future events
-knows a variety of colors, shapes
-understand spatial concepts next to, behind
-follow complex directions
- answer why questions
-1500 word vocabulary
-defines words
-uses some irregular past tense verbs
-can describe how to do something
-ask open ended questions
-provide definitions of new words
-expose to a variety of activities with new vocabulary
5 years -understand time concepts
-understand qualitative concepts
-understand most conversations
-complete 3-4 step directions
-2000+ word vocabulary
-can explain at least 3 stage sequences
-sentences 8+ words
-repeat sentences
-engage in elaborate conversations
-use adjectives to describe
-use past tense forms
-explain new vocabulary